This book tells the story of Indian polo from the earliest incarnation of the modern game in Manipur right up to the present day. From the British tea planters and army officers in India who first witnessed the game in the early 1800s to the Indian Army, which made an enormous contribution to keeping polo alive after Independence, this fast-paced and exciting sport has attracted a legion of loyal fans. Traditionally a royal sport, the Indian princely states of Patiala, Jodhpur and Jaipur did much to advance the popularity of polo in the early twentieth century, producing some truly iconic players. In the 1980s the sport was revived by another princely state Udaipur.
Nardo, Don Arts, leisure, and sport in ancient Egypt. Lucent Books, San Diego, Calif, 2005
The many arts and crafts at which the Egyptians excelled and the numerous leisure pastimes they pursued are examined in detail in this enlightening book. Among the crafts covered are pottery- and glass-making, spinning and weaving, painting, sculpture and jewelry-making. Other chapters are devoted to Egyptian writing systems and literature, as well as activities such as music, dancing, wrestling, archery and hunting.
This ambitious and fascinating history considers why, in the space of sixty years between 1850 and 1910, football grew from a marginal and unorganised activity to become the dominant winter entertainment for millions of people around the world.
The book explores how the world’s football codes - soccer, rugby league, rugby union, American, Australian, Canadian and Gaelic - developed as part of the commercialised leisure industry in the nineteenth century. Football, however and wherever it was played, was a product of the second industrial revolution, the rise of the mass media, and the spirit of the age of the masses.
Table of Contents
1.The Failure of the Football Association 2. Before the Beginning: Folk Football 3. The Gentleman’s Game 4. Sheffield: Football Beyond the Metropolis 5. The End of the Universal Game 6. From the Classes to the Masses 7. Glasgow: Football Capital of the 19th Century 8. The Coming of Professionalism 9. Women and Football: Kicking against the Pricks 10. Rugby Football: A House Divided 11. Melbourne: A City and Its Football 12. Australian Rules and the Invention of Football Traditions 13. Ireland: Creating Gaelic Football 14. Football and Nationalism in Ireland and Beyond 15. American Football: The Old Game in the New World 16. Canadian Football: Between Scrum and Snapback 17. Rugby League Football: From People’s Game to Proletarian Sport 18. The 1905-06 Football Crisis: North America 19. The 1905-06 Football Crisis: Rugby 20. Soccer: The Modern Game for the Modern World 21. The Global Game
Mapping of traditional sports and games (TSG) in Europe - Final report - Study
Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture (European Commission)
a This mapping of Traditional Sports and Games (TSG) aims at gaining a better understanding of the landscape of organisations active in the field of TSG, at identifying and analysing a number of key actions and interesting initiatives across the European Union (EU). It also seeks to inform decision-makers on possibilities to support TSG at EU level by providing recommendations on potential actions and initiatives.
The publication is available: https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/e920adf5-9a9b-11e6-9bca-01aa75ed71a1
L. Gougaud, La soûle en Bretagne et les jeux similaires du Cornwall et du Pays de Galles, Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'Ouest Année 1911 27-4 pp. 571-604 (https://www.persee.fr/doc/abpo_0003-391x_1911_num_27_4_1374)