Mallakhamb(a) or Malkhamb or Malkhumb (India)

Place of practice (continent, state, nation):



Basic information on sports and equipment used in mallakhamb exercises is presented in the following video:

Sources of information :






Mallyuddha or Malla-yuddha (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka)

Name of sport (game): Mallyuddha or Malla-yuddha
Name in native language: Devanagari: मल्लयुद्ध, Bengali: মল্লযুদ্ধ, Odia: ମଲ୍ଲ ଯୁଦ୍ଧ, Kannada: ಮಲ್ಲಯುದ್ಧ, Telugu: మల్ల యుద్ధం malla-yuddhaṁ, Tamil: மல்யுத்தம் malyutham, Thai: มัลละยุทธ์ mạllayutṭh̒
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):

Mallyuddha is the traditional South Asian form of combat-wrestling created in what is now India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. 


It is closely related to Southeast Asian wrestling styles such as naban and is the ancestor of kusti.


Malla-yuddha incorporates grappling, joint-breaking, punching, biting, choking and pressure point striking. Matches were traditionally codified into four types which progressed from purely sportive contests of strength to actual full-contact fights known as yuddha. Due to the extreme violence, this final form is generally no longer practised. The second form, wherein the wrestlers attempt to lift each other off the ground for three seconds, still exists in south India. Additionally, malla-yuddha is divided into four styles, each named after Hindu gods and legendary fighters:
• Hanumanti concentrates on technical superiority,
• Jambuvanti uses locks and holds to force the opponent into submission,
• Jarasandhi concentrates on breaking the limbs and joints while
• Bhimaseni focuses on sheer strength.

Current status:



IFM - International Federation of Mallyuddha
C/o National Martial Arts Academy India
Pari Chowk, Pari Chowk, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

logo Federation mallyuddha

Mushe or Chinese Fifteen-pin Bowling (China)

Name of sport (game): Mushe or Chinese Fifteen-pin Bowling
Name in native language: Mushe - 木射
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):



More than 2000 years, since Tang dynasty.


Mushe, a sport that became popular during the Tang dynasty, also called “Chinese Fifteen-pin Bowling”. The goal of the game is to knock down the pins positioned in the distance using a rolling wooden ball.
The rules and methods of the game are illustrated very carefully and skilfully on the painting “Fifteen-pin Bowling Picture” by Lu Bing created during the Tang dynasty.

picture of Lu Bing

• The game usually took place in a spacious room, with fifteen pins resembling bamboo shoots, arranged in parallel at the end of the room. The pins were painted red and black, while ten of them were inscribed with words, in red, representing positive values: Kindness, Justice, Politeness, Ration, Honesty, Gentleness, Goodness, Respect, Thrift and Modesty; while the remaining five pins were inscribed with words, in black, representing negative values: Haughtiness, Superciliousness, Sycophancy, Avarice and Abuse.
• The participants were to throw a wooden ball (usually from the distance of 6 to 10 metres) in the direction of the pins in order to knock them. Knocking the pins inscribed with red words resulted in scoring one point, while knocking the pins inscribed with black words resulted in losing one point.
• The game consists of three sets, giving the participants three chances (three balls) during each set.
• The participants can play the game in a one on one match formula or two on two match formula.
• The winner is decided upon getting the highest score. If there is a draw, an extra-time is added to the match. During the extra-time, the participants play set after set until one of them wins.
• The game is suitable for people of all ages.

Current status:

unprofessional sport

Importance (for practitioners, communities etc.):

The game has integrated China traditional ethics, which is the main feature of China traditional sports as well as the chief characteristic of the Fifteen-pin Bowling.


19 North Tianmu Rd,Tong Shan Ban Dao,
Anji,Zhejiang Province,China 313300
Contact Person:Zhu Qian (as a volunteer)
E-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Mardani khel (India)

Name of sport (game): Mardani khel
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):

Maharashtra, India

Musti Yuddha (India)

Name of sport (game): Musti Yuddha
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):



"Mukki Boxing." This brutal form of bare hand fighting devoid of leg techniques existed for some three hundred and fifty years in the Benares (India) prior to being officially banned. It then went underground in its practice. It is alleged to have experienced a revival from the most unlikely of benefactors, the British Police Chief. Multiple opponent bouts were often held although this has given way to the more common individual bout. Few rules exist and one may target any point on the body save the genitals. Deaths within these contests are reputed to be numerous. Mukki Boxers are known for their extreme emphasis on hand conditioning, and a well trained boxer can shatter a coconut with a blow.

Naban (Myanmar)

Name of sport (game): Naban
Name in native language: Burmese: နပန်း
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):

Naban is especially popular among the Himalayan tribes. The Chin and Kachin people are both known for their skilled wrestlers.


Originally based on Indian wrestling, it is practiced primarily in rural areas. Techniques include joint locks, strikes to pressure points, and chokeholds. Any part of the opponent's body is a legal target.

Mossara taban (Saudi Arabia)

Name of sport (game): Mossara taban
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):

Saudi Arabia

Mazanderani (Iran)

Name of sport (game): Mazanderani, also Mazendarani
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):


Moulapta (Saudi Arabia)

Name of sport (game): Moulapta
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):

Saudi Arabia

Nara (India)

Name of sport (game): Nara
Place of practice (continent, state, nation):



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